This project was accepted for poster presentation at the American College of Veterinary Radiology Annual Meeting, October 2011.
USE OF ULTRASOUND TO LOCATE RETAINED TESTES IN DOGS AND CATS
Article first published online: 25 JUN 2012
© 2012 Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Volume 53, Issue 5, pages 581–585, September/October 2012
How to Cite
Felumlee, A. E., Reichle, J. K., Hecht, S., Penninck, D., Zekas, L., Dietze Yeager, A., Goggin, J. M. and Lowry, J. (2012), USE OF ULTRASOUND TO LOCATE RETAINED TESTES IN DOGS AND CATS. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 53: 581–585. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8261.2011.01943.x
- Issue published online: 11 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 25 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 6 OCT 2011
Ultrasound was used to locate undescended testes in 30 dogs and 4 cats where the final testicular location was determined surgically. Time between ultrasound and surgery ranged between 0 and 17 days. Forty-three testes (63.2%) were retained and 42/43 (97.7%) were detected ultrasonographically. Retained testes were located in the abdomen (n = 28) and inguinal region (n = 14). One retained testis could not be identified with use of ultrasound. Locations of retained testes ranged from the caudal pole of the kidney to the inguinal region. Descriptions of testicular echogenicity and size were not available for all testes. A 100% positive predictive value was found for all testes with use of ultrasound in both abdominal and inguinal regions. The sensitivity of ultrasound was 96.6% for abdominal and 100% for inguinal testes. Ultrasound is a sensitive test for location of retained testes, and supports the opinion that preoperative ultrasound can help facilitate location of retained testes prior to surgical exploration or laparoscopy. © 2012 Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound.