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Acceptability of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) among Ghanaian infants and pregnant or lactating women


Prof. Anna Lartey, Department of Nutrition & Food Science, University of Ghana, Legon, Box LG 134, Legon Accra, Ghana. E-mail:


Inadequate micronutrient intake during pregnancy, lactation and infancy is a major problem in many developing countries. Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) can improve micronutrient status, growth and development of infants, and also have potential to improve nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women. The objective of the study was to test the acceptability of LNS designed for infants (LNS-20gM) and pregnant or lactating women (LNS-P&L). Participants were infants (n = 22, mean age = 8 months) and pregnant or lactating women (n = 24) attending routine services at a hospital in Ghana. Infants consumed 45 g of a test meal consisting of one part LNS-20gM and three parts fermented maize porridge, while women consumed 50 g of a similar test meal containing LNS-P&L instead. Participants also used their respective LNS at home for 14 days. Primary outcome was the proportion of the test meal consumed. On average, infants consumed 76.2% of the test meal [95% (confidence interval) CI: 65.7, 86.7], while women consumed 87.1% (95% CI: 82.6, 91.6). During the 14-day period, median daily consumption of LNS-20gM was 19.3 g, very close to the recommended 20 g d−1, while that of LNS-P&L was one sachet, as recommended. We conclude that LNS-20gM and LNS-P&L were well accepted.