• 1
    Weissman, J. S. and Bigby, J. A. (2009) Massachusetts health care reform – near-universal coverage at what cost New England Journal of Medicine, 361, 20122015.
  • 2
    Reinhardt, U. E. (2007) The pharmaceutical sector in health care. In Pharmaceutical Innovation: Incentives, Competition, and Cost-Benefit Analysis in International Perspective (eds F. A. Sloan and C. R. Hsieh). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • 3
    Forey, B., Hamling, J., Lee, P. and Wald, N. (eds) (2002) International Smoking Statistics: A Collection of Historical Data from 30 Economically Developed Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 4
    Preston, S., Glei, D. and Wilmoth, J. (2009) Contribution of smoking to international differences in life expectancy. In Divergent Trends in Life Expectancy (eds E. Crimmins and S. Preston). Washington, DC: National Research Council.
  • 5
    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2008) OECD Health Data 2008: How Does the United States Compare? Paris: OECD.
  • 6
    Deaton, A. (2003) Health, inequality, and economic development. Journal of Economic Literature, 41, 113158.
  • 7
    Brunner, E. and Marmot, M. (1999) Social organization, stress, and health. In Social Determinants of Health (eds M. Marmot and R. G. Wilkinson). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 8
    Sapolsky, R. (1993) Endocrinology alfresco: psychoendocrine studies of wild baboons. Recent Progress in Hormone Research, 48, 437468.
  • 9
    Alesina, A., DiTella, R. and MacCulloch, R. (2004) Inequality and happiness: are Europeans and Americans different Journal of Public Economics, 88, 20092042.
  • 10
    Preston, S. and Ho, J. (2009) Low life expectancy in the United States: Is the health care system at fault? NBER Working Paper.
  • 11
    The authors compare the performance of the US with a group of 15 economically developed OECD countries: Australia, Austria, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK.
  • 12
    (2006) Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care. The Care of Patients with Severe Chronic Illness. Hanover, NH: Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences, Dartmouth Medical School.
  • 13
    Fisher, E. S., Goodman, D. C., Skinner, J. S. and Wennberg, J. E. (2008) Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care. Tracking the Care of Patients with Severe Chronic Illness. Lebanon, NH: The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice. 2008.
  • 14
    Doyle, J. (2010) Returns to local-area healthcare spending: using health shocks to patients far from home. Working Paper.
  • 15
    American College of Emergency Physicians (accessed June 10th, 2010).