• 1
    G. R. Evans, Old Arts and New Theology, Oxford 1980, p. 31.
  • 2
    G. Paré, A. Brunet and P. Tremblay, La Renaissance du XIIe Siècle: Les Écoles et ĽEnseignement, Paris 1933, p. 296.
  • 3
    William of Auxerre, Summa Aurea, Book 3, De baptismo, referred to by M. D. Chenu, La Théologie comme Science au Treizieme Siècle, Paris 1943, p. 36.
  • 4
    St Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theoiogiae, la. 1,7 & 8.
  • 5
    Alexander of Hales, Summa Theoiogiae, Introduction, article 1 quoted by M. D. Chenu, op. cit., p. 40.
  • 6
    M. D. Chenu, op. cit., p. 50ff.
  • 7
    Dated variously as an early work (1256) by Glorieux and Gilby (1257–8), a fairly early work (1258–9) by Weisheipl and a very mature work (1269–72) by Grabmann.
  • 8
    Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, VI, 3-8.1139b15-1142a30.
  • 9
    T. Gilby, “Theology as Science”, Appendix 6 in St Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theoiogiae, Vol 1 Christian Theology (la.l), Blackfriars Edition, London 1964, p.68f. This passage is a presentation of St Thomas's discussion in the Summa la2ae. 57 rather than Aristotle's Ethics.
  • 10
    Aristotle, Posterior Analytics, 1, 2.71b1672b4.
  • 11
    M. D. Chenu, op. cit., p. 57; and see Aristotle's Posterior Analytics, 1, 2.72a14–20 and 1, 13.78b35–39.
  • 12
    Summa Theoiogiae, la. 1, 2 and on music see J. James, The Music of the Spheres, London 1995.
  • 13
    In Boethius de Trinitate, q.2, art.2, ad5. Etiam in scientiis humanitus traditis sunt quaedam principia in quibusdam earum quae non sunt omnibus nota, sed oportet ea supponere a superioribus scientiis; sicut in scientiis subalternatis supponuntur et creduntur aliqua a superioribus scientiis subaltemantibus, et hujusmodi non sunt per se nota nisi superioribus scientiis.
  • 14
    Summa Theoiogiae, 2a2ae. 5, 3.
  • 15
    This was by no means a commonplace view. St Thomas held this view (la. 1, 7) against Peter Lombard who said that “reality and its symbols” was the object of theology; Hugh of St Victor who said that it is “the works of restoration”; Robert of Melun, Gilbert of Poitiers, Robert Grosseteste and Robert Kilwardby who said it is “the whole Christ”. see J. Weisheipl, The Meaning of ‘Sacra Doctrina’ in Sum. Theol. 1 q.1, The Thomist, 38, 1934, p. 75.
  • 16
    M. D. Chenu, op. cit., p. 90.
  • 17
    See the end of the paragraph referred to in note 13. Et hoc modo se habent articuli fidei, qui sunt principia hujus scientiae, ad cognitionem divinam, quia ea quae sunt per se nota in scientia quam Deus habet in seipso, supponuntur in scientia nostra, et creditor ei nobis hoc indicanti per suos nuntios, sicut medicus credit physico quatuor esse elementa.
  • 18
    Summa Theologiae, la. 1, 2.
  • 19
    In Boethium de Trinitate, q.2, art. 13.
  • 20
    M. D. Chenu, op. cit., p. 99f.
  • 21
    Summa Theologiae, la. 1,5.
  • 22
    Veritatis Splendor , London 1993, p. 165. The Instruction of the Ecclesial Vocation of the Theologian by Cardinal Ratzinger of 24 May 1990 makes it clear that he thinks theologians are no part of the magisterium.
  • 23
    Veritatis Splendor, CTS London 1993, p. 163.
  • 24
    D. Bonhoeffer, Letters and Papers from Prison, London 1971, pp. 280 & 286, 30 April and 5 May 1944.
  • 25
    see F.S. Schmitt, “Die wissenschaftliche Methode bei Anselm von Canterbury und Thomas von Aquin”, Annalecta Anselmiana, 4.2, 1975, p. 35.
  • 26
    W. Pannenberg, Theology and the Philosophy of Science, London 1976, p. 230.
  • 27
    J. Habermas, Knowledge and Human Interests, London 1972.
  • 28
    G. Ebeling, “Theologie”, in Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 3rd edition, Tübingen 1961, vol 6, col 763.
  • 29
    C. Ernst, Multiple Echo, London 1979, p. 83.