Relationship of number of remaining teeth to health-related quality of life in community-dwelling elderly
Article first published online: 9 MAY 2005
Volume 22, Issue 2, pages 91–97, June 2005
How to Cite
Akifusa, S., Soh, I., Ansai, T., Hamasaki, T., Takata, Y., Yohida, A., Fukuhara, M., Sonoki, K. and Takehara, T. (2005), Relationship of number of remaining teeth to health-related quality of life in community-dwelling elderly. Gerodontology, 22: 91–97. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2005.00059.x
- Issue published online: 9 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 9 MAY 2005
- Accepted 7 February 2005
- quality of life;
- number of teeth;
- activities of daily living
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between number of remaining teeth and health-related quality of life in community-dwelling elderly.
Subjects: A total of 207 participants who were community-dwelling, 85 years of age. Data were from a population-based study of age-related general and oral health in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.
Measurements: The Japanese version of the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36).
Results: The mental component score for the participants, from the SF-36, was higher than the Japanese national norm for those aged ≥70 years. There were no significant differences in the mean of any scores on the SF-36 by having spouse, living with family, or education level. The mean of the SF-36 scores of physical functioning (PF) and of the physical component scores were significantly higher in the 85-year-old participants with ≥20 teeth than in those with ≤19 teeth (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01 respectively). In addition, a significant difference (p < 0.05) was observed between the mean of participants with ≥20 teeth and those with ≤19 teeth after adjustment for region where the participant lived, activities of daily living (ADL), and sex. The PF (p < 0.001), role-physical (p < 0.005), bodily pain (p < 0.001), vitality (p < 0.001), social functioning (p < 0.05), and physical component (p < 0.001) scores were significantly higher in participants with a good activities of daily living (ADL) assessment. However, ADL was not associated with the number of teeth.
Conclusions: The findings of the present study indicated that 85-year-old participants with ≥20 teeth had better subjective physical health than those with ≤19 teeth.