Oral lesions in elderly population: a biopsy survey using 2250 histopathological records
Article first published online: 23 JAN 2006
Volume 23, Issue 1, pages 48–54, March 2006
How to Cite
Corrêa, L., Frigerio, M. L. M. A., de Sousa, S. C. O. M. and Novelli, M. D. (2006), Oral lesions in elderly population: a biopsy survey using 2250 histopathological records. Gerodontology, 23: 48–54. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2006.00090.x
- Issue published online: 23 JAN 2006
- Article first published online: 23 JAN 2006
- Accepted 19 September 2005
- oral biopsied lesions;
- oral mucosa lesions;
- malignant epithelial tumours;
- denture-based oral lesions
Objective: To perform an oral biopsy survey focused on the incidence of oral lesions in Brazilian elderly patients.
Methods: A total of 17 329 oral biopsy records were analysed and divided into two age groups: elderly patients, ≥60 years old; and non-elderly patients, <60 years old. Information about sex, race, age and histopathological diagnosis (categorised in non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions) was collected. Differences of diagnosis incidence were tested by comparison between two proportions (binomial test).
Results: The incidence of epithelial malignant neoplasms and pre-malignant lesions in the elderly group was higher than non-elderly group, as well as autoimmune diseases and salivary gland tumours. The three most prevalent lesions in the elderly group were inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia, squamous cell carcinoma, and fibroma.
Conclusion: The distribution of oral diseases using biopsies allows greater accuracy in data about oral health of elderly patients, especially when considering malignant and pre-malignant lesions.