Efficacy of Fungiflora Y staining for the diagnosis of oral erythematous candidiasis
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of Fungiflora Y staining (fluorescent stain) for the diagnosis of erythematous candidiasis.
Subjects and methods: This study enrolled 48 patients who were diagnosed with erythematous candidiasis and who underwent fungal culture and microscopic examination of a smear specimen stained with CytoQuick (modification of the Giemsa stain) and Fungiflora Y. Fungiflora Y staining was observed using a portable fluorescent microscope (CyScope®). The sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values were calculated using fungal culture as the gold standard test. Accuracy was calculated, and the difference between the CytoQuick and Fungiflora Y groups was examined using contingency tables and the chi-square test.
Results: The sensitivity and specificity of the CytoQuick stain was 0.51 and 0.91, respectively; the positive predictive value was 0.95, and the negative predictive value was 0.36. The sensitivity and specificity of the Fungiflora Y stain was 0.84 and 1.0, respectively; the positive predictive value was 1.00, and the negative predictive value was 0.65. The accuracy of Fungiflora Y (0.88) was superior to that of CytoQuick (0.60) (p = 0.0052).
Conclusions: Microscopic examinations of smear specimens using a combination of Fungiflora Y staining and the CyScope® portable fluorescent microscope was found to be useful for the diagnosis of oral erythematous candidiasis.