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The Influence of Family Functioning and Parent-Adolescent Acculturation on North American Chinese Adolescent Outcomes


*D. Russell Crane is a Professor of Marriage and Family Therapy, Brigham Young University, 274 TLRB, Provo, UT 84602 ( So Wa Ngai is in Hong Kong. Jeffry H. Larson is a Professor of Marriage and Family Therapy, Brigham Young University. McArthur Hafen Jr. is a Clinical Instructor, Kansas State University.


Abstract: The present study investigated the associations between family functioning, acculturation between parents and their adolescents, and adolescent adjustment problems. Chinese adolescents and their parents (N= 41) living in the United States and Canada participated in this study. Results showed that differences in acculturation between parents and adolescents were related to adolescent depression and that family functioning was related to both depression and delinquency. Both parental and adolescent acculturation levels and their differences were important in predicting adolescent outcomes. Implications for conducting family therapy and parent education with Chinese North American adolescents and their parents are discussed.