Abstract: The present study investigated differences between the general elderly population and elderly new immigrants from former Soviet Union countries in regard to the incidence of elder abuse and neglect, victims’ characteristics, and perpetrators’ characteristics. In addition, the study sought to examine predictors of various types of abuse and neglect. Data collection was conducted over a 1-year period, during which 120 new cases of abuse and neglect were identified. Forty-eight of these cases were elderly new immigrants from former Soviet Union countries. Both groups significantly differed in terms of victims’ and perpetrators’ characteristics. Being a new immigrant was found to be a significant predictor of physical abuse and neglect. Implications for intervention and policy are discussed.