The Northeast-Northwest Collaborative Adoption Project was supported by a grant from the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, the Kathryn Rudolph Memorial Research Fund of the University of Oregon, and National Science Foundation grants (BCS-9907860, BCS-9907811, and BCS-0196511). The authors wish to thank Wayne Osgood for his advice on statistical analyses.
Mothers’ Racial, Ethnic, and Cultural Socialization of Transracially Adopted Asian Children*
Article first published online: 6 SEP 2007
Volume 56, Issue 4, pages 390–402, October 2007
How to Cite
Johnston, K. E., Swim, J. K., Saltsman, B. M., Deater-Deckard, K. and Petrill, S. A. (2007), Mothers’ Racial, Ethnic, and Cultural Socialization of Transracially Adopted Asian Children. Family Relations, 56: 390–402. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3729.2007.00468.x
- Issue published online: 6 SEP 2007
- Article first published online: 6 SEP 2007
- Asian families;
- cultural socialization;
- international adoption;
- parenting behaviors;
- racial and ethnic socialization;
- transracial adoption
Abstract: This study examined maternal and child predictors of White mothers’ cultural socialization/pluralism and preparation for bias of Chinese and Korean adopted children in families participating in the Northeast-Northwest Collaborative Adoption Project. Mother’s psychological connection to Asian Americans, but not White identity, and children’s age predicted cultural socialization/pluralism and preparation for bias. Birth country was related to cultural socialization/pluralism but not preparation for bias. Cultural socialization/pluralism was related to fewer externalizing problems but not to internalizing problems. Preparation for bias was not related to behavioral problems. The implications of these findings are summarized in terms of interventions aimed at increasing mothers’ connections to Asian American communities or individuals, providing Korean cultural information to parents of Korean adoptees, and the timing of interventions.