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Intergenerational Relationship Quality, Gender, and Grandparent Involvement


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    Department of Psychology, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148.

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    Institute for Social and Behavioral Research, Iowa State University, 2625 N. Loop Drive, Suite 2500, Ames, IA 50010.

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    Human and Community Development, University of California—Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616.

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    Human Development and Family Studies, University of California—Davis, 202 Cousteau Place, Suite 100, Davis, CA 95616.

Family Studies and Human Development, University of Arizona, 650 N. Park Avenue, P.O. Box 210078, Tucson, AZ 85721-0078 (


This prospective, intergenerational study (N = 181) considered how parent (G1, Generation 1) and child (G2, Generation 2) relationship quality during adolescence and adulthood is associated with G1's level of involvement with their 3- to 4-year-old grandchildren (G3, Generation 3). Path model analyses indicated different patterns of results for the involvement of grandmothers and grandfathers with the children of their G2 sons and daughters . Current parent-reported G1-G2 relationship quality was positively associated with G2 report of G1 involvement with G3, especially for G2 daughters . The relations among confounding variables, including geographic distance, socioeconomic status, and grandparent marital status and grandparent involvement with grandchildren, were considered. Results highlight the roles of intergenerational relationship quality and gender configuration of the G1-G2 dyad in shaping grandparent involvement with grandchildren.