Department of Sociology, Bowling Green State University, 222 Williams Hall, Bowling Green, OH 43403-0222.
Negative and Positive Caregiving Experiences: A Closer Look at the Intersection of Gender and Relationship
Article first published online: 13 MAR 2012
© 2012 by the National Council on Family Relations
Volume 61, Issue 2, pages 343–358, April 2012
How to Cite
Lin, I.-F., Fee, H. R. and Wu, H.-S. (2012), Negative and Positive Caregiving Experiences: A Closer Look at the Intersection of Gender and Relationship. Family Relations, 61: 343–358. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3729.2011.00692.x
National Center for Family and Marriage Research, Center for Family and Demographic Research, Bowling Green State University, 5D Williams Hall, Bowling Green, OH 43403-0222.
- Issue published online: 13 MAR 2012
- Article first published online: 13 MAR 2012
- family caregivers;
- personal gratification;
Using data from the 2004 wave of the National Long-Term Care Survey, we examined how negative and positive caregiving experiences differ by caregivers' gender and relationship to care recipients. We further considered how their caregiving experiences are affected by caregivers' demographic characteristics, care recipients' problem behavior and dependency, caregivers' involvement, reciprocal help from care recipients, and social support available for caregivers. We found that female and adult-child caregivers, in general, reported having had more negative experiences than male and spouse caregivers, respectively. Wife caregivers were least likely to report positive experiences. We also found different risk factors for negative and positive caregiving experiences, and these factors varied depending on caregivers' gender and relationship to the care recipient. The findings underscore the heterogeneity of caregiving experiences. To sustain informal care, state and local agencies need to tailor services to wife, husband, daughter, and son caregivers' unique needs.