The Transmission of Marital Instability Across Generations: Relationship Skills or Commitment to Marriage?
Version of Record online: 2 MAR 2004
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 63, Issue 4, pages 1038–1051, November 2001
How to Cite
Amato, P. R. and DeBoer, D. D. (2001), The Transmission of Marital Instability Across Generations: Relationship Skills or Commitment to Marriage?. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63: 1038–1051. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.01038.x
- Issue online: 2 MAR 2004
- Version of Record online: 2 MAR 2004
- intergenerational transmission of divorce;
- marital commitment;
- marital conflict;
- marital instability;
- relationship skills
We used national, longitudinal data from 2 generations to assess 2 explanations for the intergenerational transmission of marital instability, one based on relationship skills and the other based on marital commitment. Parental divorce approximately doubled the odds that offspring would see their own marriages end in divorce. Offspring with maritally distressed parents who remained continuously married did not have an elevated risk of divorce. Divorce was most likely to be transmitted across generations if parents reported a low, rather than a high, level of discord prior to marital dissolution. These results, combined with other findings from the study, suggest that offspring with divorced parents have an elevated risk of seeing their own marriages end in divorce because they hold a comparatively weak commitment to the norm of lifelong marriage.