Gender, Work, and Intimate Violence: Men's Occupational Violence Spillover and Compensatory Violence



Researchers have rarely studied the effects of occupations on intimate violence, only occasionally distinguishing between blue-collar and white-collar work, and generally finding higher rates of reported abuse in the former group. This research incorporates ideas from feminist, work-family, and power or resource theories to examine the potential effects of occupations on men's violence toward wives and cohabiting female partners. Data from the 1988 National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH) were analyzed using logistic regression techniques. Hypotheses related to occupational spillover and compensation were tested with results suggesting that men in physically violent, female-dominated, professional specialty, and dangerous occupations are more likely to use violence against female partners, net of other commonly hypothesized predictors. The findings suggest that more detailed occupational data should be collected in future intimate violence research.