African American Children's Adjustment: The Roles of Maternal and Teacher Depressive Symptoms



This study examined the unique and interactive roles of mother and teacher depressive symptoms in child adjustment in 277 African American single mother-headed families, as well as whether the associations differed depending on the age and gender of the child. Findings revealed a significant association between maternal depressive symptoms and child depressive symptoms in girls, but not boys. Moreover, the combination of higher levels of both mother and teacher depressive symptoms was associated with the highest level of child depressive symptoms and, for younger children, externalizing symptoms. The importance of considering the multiple social contexts in which children interact is discussed.