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Keywords:

  • dual-earner couples;
  • reduced work schedules;
  • schedule fit;
  • within-couple analysis;
  • work-family tradeoffs

A couple-level analysis with a sample of 105 female reduced-hours physicians and their full-time–employed husbands found individual and spouse crossover effects: Each spouse's ratings of own schedule fit predict own job-role quality; wives' ratings of partner/family schedule fit predict their marital-role quality, with a similar trend for husbands; husbands' ratings of own schedule fit predict wives' marital-role quality; and husbands' ratings of partner/family schedule fit and wives' ratings of own schedule fit predict husbands' psychological distress. These findings highlight the interdependence of couple members' experiences and illustrate potential costs of wives' trading off time at work for time at home.