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Social Capital and the Interplay of Families and Schools

Authors

  • Robert Crosnoe

    Corresponding author
    1. University of Texas—Austin
      † Department of Sociology and Population Research Center, University of Texas—Austin, 1 University Station A1700, Austin, TX 78712 (crosnoe@mail.la.utexas.edu).
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† Department of Sociology and Population Research Center, University of Texas—Austin, 1 University Station A1700, Austin, TX 78712 (crosnoe@mail.la.utexas.edu).

Abstract

Families and schools are two primary sources of social capital in the early life course. This study examines the degree to which these different contexts overlap to shape adolescent development. Multilevel modeling on nationally representative data (n = 11,927) revealed that emotionally distant relationships with parents were associated with declining academic achievement over 2 years of secondary schooling and that various aspects of the social environments of schools were associated with increasing academic achievement during this same period. Additionally, adolescents who had more social capital at home often benefited more from social capital at school.

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