School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin—Madison, 1350 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706.
Employment and the Risk of Domestic Abuse Among Low-Income Women
Article first published online: 21 NOV 2005
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 67, Issue 5, pages 1149–1168, December 2005
How to Cite
Gibson-Davis, C. M., Magnuson, K., Gennetian, L. A. and Duncan, G. J. (2005), Employment and the Risk of Domestic Abuse Among Low-Income Women. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67: 1149–1168. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2005.00207.x
- Issue published online: 21 NOV 2005
- Article first published online: 21 NOV 2005
- cash assistance;
- domestic abuse;
This paper uses data from 2 randomized evaluations of welfare-to-work programs—the Minnesota Family Investment Program and the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies—to estimate the effect of employment on domestic abuse among low-income single mothers. Unique to our analysis is the application of a 2-stage least squares method, in which random assignment enables us to control for omitted characteristics that might otherwise confound the association between employment and domestic abuse. We find that increased maternal employment decreases subsequent reports of domestic abuse in both studies. In the Minnesota Family Investment Program—a program with an enhanced income disregard that allowed welfare mothers to keep a portion of their welfare income as earnings rose—an increase in household incomes appears to have contributed to reductions in reports of domestic abuse.