Department of Sociology, Temple University, 746 Gladfelter Hall, Philadelphia, PA 19122.
Taking Pressure Off Families: Child-Care Subsidies Lessen Mothers’ Work-Hour Problems
Article first published online: 10 JAN 2006
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 68, Issue 1, pages 155–171, February 2006
How to Cite
Press, J. E., Fagan, J. and Laughlin, L. (2006), Taking Pressure Off Families: Child-Care Subsidies Lessen Mothers’ Work-Hour Problems. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68: 155–171. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00240.x
- Issue published online: 10 JAN 2006
- Article first published online: 10 JAN 2006
- child-care arrangements;
- family policy;
- low-income families;
- maternal employment;
- work-family balance
We use the Philadelphia Survey of Child Care and Work to model the effect of child-care subsidies and other ecological demands and resources on the work hour, shift, and overtime problems of 191 low-income urban mothers. Comparing subsidy applicants who do and do not receive cash payments for child care, we find that mothers who receive subsidies are 21% less likely to experience at least one work hour–related problem on the job. Our results suggest that child-care subsidies do more than allow women to enter the labor force. Subsidies help make it easier for mothers in low-wage labor both to comply with employer demands for additional work hours and to earn the needed wages that accompany them.