Department of Family and Child Ecology, 107 Human Ecology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1030.
Developmental Processes in African American Families: An Application of McLoyd’s Theoretical Model
Article first published online: 10 APR 2006
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 68, Issue 2, pages 320–331, May 2006
How to Cite
Nievar, M. A. and Luster, T. (2006), Developmental Processes in African American Families: An Application of McLoyd’s Theoretical Model. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68: 320–331. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00255.x
- Issue published online: 10 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 10 APR 2006
- African Americans;
- child discipline;
- child school achievement;
- low-income families;
- marital conflict;
- mother-child relations
In accordance with McLoyd’s model of African American children’s development, we examined the linkages among family income, maternal psychological distress, marital conflict, parenting, and children’s outcomes in early and middle childhood, using a sample of 591 African American children from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Income during early childhood had a direct effect on behavior problems and reading recognition in middle childhood. Income also had an indirect effect on the child outcomes via maternal psychological distress and parenting. In a comparison of African American and White families, marital conflict predicted children behavior problems only in White families. Findings suggest that family psychological and material resources influence parenting as well as behavioral and cognitive outcomes for African American children.