Department of Sociology & Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78705.
Gender, the Marital Life Course, and Cardiovascular Disease in Late Midlife
Version of Record online: 5 JUL 2006
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 68, Issue 3, pages 639–657, August 2006
How to Cite
Zhang, Z. and Hayward, M. (2006), Gender, the Marital Life Course, and Cardiovascular Disease in Late Midlife. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68: 639–657. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00280.x
- Issue online: 5 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 5 JUL 2006
- event history analysis;
- life course;
- marital status;
Drawing on 5 waves of the Health and Retirement Study, we examine the influence of the marital life course on the prevalence and incidence of cardiovascular disease among 9,434 middle-aged individuals. Results show that compared to continuously married persons, both men and women with a marital loss have significantly higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease at baseline. Men and women, however, differ in the effects of marital loss on the incidence of cardiovascular disease over the course of the study. Women with a marital loss have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in late midlife compared to continuously married women, whereas marital loss is not associated with men’s risk of cardiovascular disease. Emotional distress and socioeconomic status account for the higher risk of cardiovascular disease among divorced women.