Graduate School of Education and Psychology, Pepperdine University, 24255 Pacific Coast Highway, Malibu, CA 90263 (email@example.com).
Cross-Cultural Consistency of the Demand/Withdraw Interaction Pattern in Couples
Article first published online: 13 OCT 2006
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 68, Issue 4, pages 1029–1044, November 2006
How to Cite
Christensen, A., Eldridge, K., Catta-Preta, A. B., Lim, V. R. and Santagata, R. (2006), Cross-Cultural Consistency of the Demand/Withdraw Interaction Pattern in Couples. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68: 1029–1044. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00311.x
- Issue published online: 13 OCT 2006
- Article first published online: 13 OCT 2006
- demand/withdraw interaction;
- relationship satisfaction
In order to examine the cross-cultural consistency of several patterns of couple communication, 363 participants from four different countries (Brazil, Italy, Taiwan, and the United States) completed self-report measures about communication and satisfaction in their romantic relationships. Across countries, constructive communication was positively associated with relationship satisfaction, whereas demand/withdraw communication was negatively associated with relationship satisfaction. Woman demand/man withdraw communication was significantly more likely than man demand/woman withdraw communication. Also, some evidence suggested women wanted greater closeness versus independence in their relationships than did men. Differences between partners in desire for closeness versus independence were associated with greater demand/withdraw communication. The possible bases for the demand/withdraw pattern of communication and its gender linkage are discussed.