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Nonstandard Schedules and Young Children’s Behavioral Outcomes Among Working Low-Income Families
Article first published online: 29 JAN 2007
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 69, Issue 1, pages 139–156, February 2007
How to Cite
Joshi, P. and Bogen, K. (2007), Nonstandard Schedules and Young Children’s Behavioral Outcomes Among Working Low-Income Families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69: 139–156. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00350.x
- Issue published online: 29 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 29 JAN 2007
- behavior problems;
- low-income families;
- maternal employment;
- nonstandard work schedules;
This article focuses on how maternal employment in nonstandard schedules at night, on the weekends, or that rotate on a weekly basis influence preschoolers’ behavioral outcomes. Examining low-income working mothers and their children aged 2 – 4 years from the Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study (N= 206), we find that maternal nonstandard schedules are associated with negative behavioral outcomes for young children. There is some evidence that the negative effects of nonstandard schedules on behavior problems operate indirectly through increased parenting stress. Moderating influences of child gender and family composition are also detected. These findings are consistent with the small number of studies demonstrating the negative effects of nonstandard schedules on children of varying ages.