Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development, and Health Landmark Center, Harvard University, Room 445-B, 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA 02215.
Longitudinal Patterns of Nonresident Fathers’ Involvement: The Role of Resources and Relations
Article first published online: 23 OCT 2008
© National Council on Family Relations, 2008
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 70, Issue 4, pages 962–977, November 2008
How to Cite
Ryan, R. M., Kalil, A. and Ziol-Guest, K. M. (2008), Longitudinal Patterns of Nonresident Fathers’ Involvement: The Role of Resources and Relations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 70: 962–977. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2008.00539.x
This article was edited by Cheryl Buehler.
- Issue published online: 23 OCT 2008
- Article first published online: 23 OCT 2008
- early childhood;
- family relations;
- nonresidential parents
Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we examined patterns of nonresident father involvement 1 and 3 years after a nonmarital birth (N = 893). Cluster analyses were used to determine patterns of involvement across different father behaviors. About half of fathers displayed low involvement when children were 1 and 3 years old, one fourth of fathers maintained high involvement, and equal remaining proportions increased or decreased involvement over time. Multinomial logistic analyses indicated that better relationships between parents were associated with consistently high versus low involvement. Better relationships with each others’ extended family also predicted remaining highly involved and increasing involvement over time. Parents’ romantic relationship status was closely associated with patterns of involvement.