Processes Linking Social Class and Racial Socialization in African American Dual-Earner Families

Authors


  • *

    The Pennsylvania State University, 2110 Beecher Dock House, University Park, PA 16802.

    **The Pennsylvania State University, 118 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802.

    ***The Pennsylvania State University, 601 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA 16802.

    This article was edited by Velma McBride Murry.

The Pennsylvania State University, 201 Henderson Bldg., University Park, PA 16802 (ac1@psu.edu).

Abstract

We examined the links between social class, occupational self-direction, self-efficacy, and racial socialization in a sample of 128 two-parent African American couples raising adolescents. A series of multivariate, multilevel models revealed that mothers’ SES was connected to self-efficacy via its association with occupational self-direction; in turn, self-efficacy partially explained the association between occupational self-direction and racial socialization. The link between maternal self-efficacy and racial socialization depended on whether or not children had experienced discrimination. For fathers, a strong link between SES and occupational self-direction emerged, but significant associations were not found between occupational self-direction and self-efficacy, or self-efficacy and racial socialization. The discussion focuses on mother-father differences and the role of child effects in racial socialization.

Ancillary