Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Lafayette College, Easton, PA 18042.
Poverty and the American Family: A Decade in Review
Article first published online: 18 JUN 2010
Copyright © National Council on Family Relations, 2010
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 72, Issue 3, pages 460–479, June 2010
How to Cite
Edin, K. and Kissane, R. J. (2010), Poverty and the American Family: A Decade in Review. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72: 460–479. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00713.x
- Issue published online: 18 JUN 2010
- Article first published online: 18 JUN 2010
- low-income families;
- welfare reform
Because of dramatic levels of economic volatility and massive changes in welfare policies, scholars in this decade worried anew about whether our official poverty measure, adopted in the 1960s, is adequate. Poverty's causes continued to be debated, with demographic factors often pitted against policy and maternal employment changes. Some scholars focused on events that trigger spirals into poverty or poverty exits. The literature on consequences of poverty featured new techniques for identifying underlying processes and mechanisms. Researchers also explored “neighborhood effects” and focused on poverty deconcentration efforts. Finally, scholars produced a voluminous literature on the efforts to reform welfare and their subsequent effects.