Work and Family Research in the First Decade of the 21st Century


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    Department of Sociology, University of Maryland, 2112 Art-Sociology Bldg., College Park, MD 20742 (

Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles, Box 951551, 264 Haines Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1551 (


Scholarship on work and family topics expanded in scope and coverage during the 2000–2010 decade, spurred by an increased diversity of workplaces and of families, by methodological innovations, and by the growth of communities of scholars focused on the work-family nexus. We discuss these developments as the backdrop for emergent work-family research on six central topics: (a) gender, time, and the division of labor in the home; (b) paid work: too much or too little; (c) maternal employment and child outcomes; (d) work-family conflict; (e) work, family, stress, and health; and (f) work-family policy. We conclude with a discussion of trends important for research and suggestions about future directions in the work-family arena.