Single Custodial Fathers' Involvement and Parenting: Implications for Outcomes in Emerging Adulthood

Authors


  • Child Trends, 4301 Connecticut Ave, Suite 350, Washington D.C., 20008 (mscott@childtrends.org).

  • Child Trends, 4301 Connecticut Ave, Suite 350, Washington D.C., 20008 (elilja@childtrends.org).

  • This article was edited by Ralph LaRossa.

Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 3164, MSC 7770, Bethesda, MD 20892 (jacinta.bronte-tinkew@nih.gov).

Abstract

Using a sample of 3,977 youths from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97), this study examines the unique characteristics of single-custodial-father families with adolescents and the effects of single fathers' involvement and parenting on outcomes in emerging adulthood. Findings suggest that single-custodial-father families are distinct from single-mother and 2-biological-parent families in terms of sociodemographic characteristics, parenting styles, and involvement. Parenting styles and involvement mediate the differences between single-father families and 2-parent families in terms of high school completion and disconnectedness and partially mediate differences for single-custodial-father families with a partner. Family and sociodemographic characteristics are also associated with being disconnected for adolescents residing with a cohabiting custodial father.

Ancillary