Marital Conflict Behaviors and Implications for Divorce Over 16 Years

Authors


  • Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Connecticut, 348 Mansfield Rd., U-2058, Storrs, CT 06269-2058 (edna.brown@uconn.edu).

  • Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104; Oakland University, Department of Sociology, 530 Varner Hall, Rochester, Michigan 48309 (orburch@umich.edu).

  • University of South Florida, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, MHC 1318, Tampa, FL 33620 (mcilvane@bcs.usf.edu).

Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson St., Ann Arbor, MI 48104 (kirasb@isr.umich.edu).

Abstract

This study examined self-reported marital conflict behaviors and their implications for divorce. Husbands and wives (N = 373 couples; 47% White American, 53% Black American) reported conflict behaviors in Years 1, 3, 7, and 16 of their marriages. Individual behaviors (e.g., destructive behaviors) and patterns of behaviors between partners (e.g., withdrawal-constructive) in Year 1 predicted higher divorce rates. Wives' destructive and withdrawal behaviors decreased over time, whereas husbands' conflict behaviors remained stable. Husbands reported more constructive and less destructive behaviors than wives, and Black American couples reported more withdrawal than White American couples. Findings support behavioral theories of marriage demonstrating that conflict behaviors predict divorce and accommodation theories indicating that conflict behaviors become less negative over time.

Ancillary