African Population and Health Research Center, APHRC Campus, Kirawa Road, off Peponi Road, P.O. Box 10787-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
Social Exchange and Sexual Behavior in Young Women's Premarital Relationships in Kenya
Article first published online: 28 SEP 2011
Copyright © National Council on Family Relations, 2011
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 73, Issue 5, pages 1048–1064, October 2011
How to Cite
Luke, N., Goldberg, R. E., Mberu, B. U. and Zulu, E. M. (2011), Social Exchange and Sexual Behavior in Young Women's Premarital Relationships in Kenya. Journal of Marriage and Family, 73: 1048–1064. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2011.00863.x
African Institute for Development Policy, P.O. Box 14688-00800, Nairobi, Kenya.
- Issue published online: 28 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 28 SEP 2011
- adolescent sexual behavior;
- decision making;
- transactional sex;
- social exchange
Transactional sex, or the exchange of money and gifts for sexual activities within nonmarital relationships, has been widely considered a contributing factor to the disproportionate prevalence of HIV/AIDS among young women in sub-Saharan Africa. This study applied social exchange theory to premarital relationships in order to investigate the linkages between a variety of young women's resources—including employment and material transfers from male partners—and sexual behaviors. Data on the first month of premarital relationships (N = 551 relationships) were collected from a random sample of young adult women ages 18–24 in Kisumu, Kenya, using a retrospective life history calendar. Consistent with the hypotheses, results showed that young women's income increases the likelihood of safer sexual activities, including delaying sex and using condoms consistently. Material transfers from the male partner displayed the opposite effect, supporting the view that resources obtained within the relationship decrease young women's negotiating power.