This article was edited by Cheryl Buehler.
Associations Between Family Communication Patterns, Sibling Closeness, and Adoptive Status
Article first published online: 28 SEP 2011
Copyright © National Council on Family Relations, 2011
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 73, Issue 5, pages 1015–1031, October 2011
How to Cite
Samek, D. R. and Rueter, M. A. (2011), Associations Between Family Communication Patterns, Sibling Closeness, and Adoptive Status. Journal of Marriage and Family, 73: 1015–1031. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2011.00865.x
- Issue published online: 28 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 28 SEP 2011
- family interaction
Previous research has demonstrated the protective effect of family and sibling closeness on child adjustment, but fewer studies have investigated how closeness is promoted within families. Guided by Family Communication Patterns Theory, we tested the association between family communication and sibling emotional and behavioral closeness, and whether adoptive status moderated this relationship. Participating families included 616 adoptive and nonadoptive families with two adolescent children. Hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. Sibling closeness was highest in families that emphasized both conversation and conformity and lowest in families that emphasized only conversation or neither conversation nor conformity. Emotional and behavioral closeness were differentially associated with adoption status, sibling age, and sibling gender. Few moderating effects of adoption status were found. Post hoc analyses showed moderating effects of sibling gender composition.