Department of Sociology, University of Cincinnati, 1018 Crosley Tower, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0378.
Cohabitation and U.S. Adult Mortality: An Examination by Gender and Race
Version of Record online: 13 JUL 2012
Copyright © National Council on Family Relations, 2012
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 74, Issue 4, pages 794–811, August 2012
How to Cite
Liu, H. and Reczek, C. (2012), Cohabitation and U.S. Adult Mortality: An Examination by Gender and Race. Journal of Marriage and Family, 74: 794–811. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2012.00983.x
- Issue online: 13 JUL 2012
- Version of Record online: 13 JUL 2012
This study is the first to explore the relationship between cohabitation and U.S. adult mortality using a nationally representative sample. Using data from the National Health Interview Survey-Longitudinal Mortality Follow-up files 1997–2004 (N = 193,851), the authors found that divorced, widowed, and never-married White men had higher mortality rates than cohabiting White men, and never-married Black men had higher mortality rates than cohabiting Black men. In contrast, the mortality rates of nonmarried White and Black women were not different from those of their cohabiting counterparts. The results also revealed that mortality rates of married White men and women were lower than their cohabiting counterparts and that these mortality differences tended to decrease with age. The authors found no significant mortality differences when they compared married Black men or women to their cohabiting counterparts. The identified mortality differences were partially—but not fully—explained by income, psychological, or health behavior differences across groups.