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Democratic Enlargement's Value Hierarchy and Rhetorical Forms: An Analysis of Clinton's Use of a Post-Cold War Symbolic Frame to Justify Military Interventions



Democratic enlargement emerged as the first fully formed post-Cold War interpretive frame for foreign policy rhetoric. In response to situation, domestic audience, and President Bill Clinton's penchants, it named chaos as the global enemy to an ideal order centered on expanding market democracy. The frame's two-tiered value hierarchy privileged perpetual presidential flexibility and domestic prosperity over its host of relatively equal, secondary values and relied on the rhetorical forms of accumulation and hendiadys when justifying foreign military intervention. Textual analysis of the frame's policy debut and case application speeches regarding military intervention in Haiti and Kosovo demonstrate these claims and illuminate the persuasive advantages and inherent symbolic pitfalls of democratic enlargement.