AUTHOR'S NOTE: We wish to thank Teresa Gorbett for excellent research assistance.
Above the Fray? The Use of Party System References in Presidential Rhetoric
Article first published online: 30 JUL 2007
Presidential Studies Quarterly
Volume 37, Issue 3, pages 399–426, September 2007
How to Cite
COLEMAN, J. J. and MANNA, P. (2007), Above the Fray? The Use of Party System References in Presidential Rhetoric. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 37: 399–426. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2007.02604.x
- Issue published online: 30 JUL 2007
- Article first published online: 30 JUL 2007
Examining communication items from four presidents, we find that presidents link themselves to the party system rhetorically. Employment of party references is tested against recurrent features of the office and shifts in the political environment, including presidential approval, partisan independence, presidential successes and defeats in Congress, and the presence of divided government. Presidents strategically employ party system references with regard to audience and calendar. We find greater support for the rhetorical president as politician rather than as statesman above the fray, and we consider our findings in relation to the concept of political time. These findings suggest rethinking accounts of the contemporary presidency that presume that presidents determinedly place themselves “above politics” and “beyond party” when crafting their communications imagery.