AUTHORS' NOTE: We would like to thank Arjen Boin, Allan McConnell, Charles Parker, Thomas Preston, Bengt Sundelius, and PSQ's anonymous reviewers for their comments on an earlier draft of this article.
Crisis Leadership of the Bush Presidency: Advisory Capacity and Presidential Performance in the Acute Stages of the 9/11 and Katrina Crises
Article first published online: 17 JUL 2009
© 2009 Center for the Study of the Presidency
Presidential Studies Quarterly
Volume 39, Issue 3, pages 473–493, September 2009
How to Cite
‘T HART, P., TINDALL, K. and BROWN, C. (2009), Crisis Leadership of the Bush Presidency: Advisory Capacity and Presidential Performance in the Acute Stages of the 9/11 and Katrina Crises. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 39: 473–493. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2009.03687.x
- Issue published online: 17 JUL 2009
- Article first published online: 17 JUL 2009
This paper examines the operation of the presidential advisory system during the 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina crises in order to explain the marked differences in presidential crisis leadership performance during the acute phase of both crises. It first presents a conceptual framework for the systematic study of “crisis advisory configurations” around presidents, based on an integrated review of the advisory systems and crisis management literatures. Second, the framework is applied to George W. Bush's performance in three crucial crisis leadership task domains—sense making, decision making, and meaning making. The article concludes by identifying key challenges of building crisis management capacity around heads of government such as the U.S. president.