Widowhood and self-rated health among Chinese elders: The effect of economic condition
Article first published online: 14 FEB 2008
© 2008 The Authors
Australasian Journal on Ageing
Volume 27, Issue 1, pages 26–32, March 2008
How to Cite
Krochalk, P. C., Li, Y. and Chi, I. (2008), Widowhood and self-rated health among Chinese elders: The effect of economic condition. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 27: 26–32. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-6612.2007.00269.x
- Issue published online: 14 FEB 2008
- Article first published online: 14 FEB 2008
Objective: To examine the mediating effect of economic condition (income, work status, self-rated financial situation and financial support) on widowhood and self-rated health in elderly Chinese.
Methods: The study sample consists of 17 556 married and widowed elders age 60 and older selected from the nationwide 2000 Sample Survey on Aged Population in Urban/Rural China. Path analysis is used to identify the direct and indirect relationships of economic condition between widowhood and self-rated health.
Results: Widowhood has a direct effect on self-rated health for those widowed for more than 4 years. Work status and perceived financial situation mediate that relationship regardless of length of time widowed. Being older, male, less educated, and functionally healthy are associated with better self-rated health among those widowed.
Conclusions: Work status and perceived financial situation have a more significant effect on widowhood and self-rated health than income and financial support. The findings have cross-cultural implications for developing elder care programs.