SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Bergman H, Ferrucci L, Guralnik J et al. Frailty: An emerging research and clinical paradigm – issues and controversies. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 2007; 62: 731737.
  • 2
    Fried LP, Tangen CM, Walston J et al. Frailty in older adults: Evidence for a phenotype. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 2001; 56: M146M156.
  • 3
    Purser JL, Kuchibhatla MN, Fillenbaum GG et al. Identifying frailty in hospitalized older adults with significant coronary artery disease. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2006; 54: 16741681.
  • 4
    Alexander NB, Guire KE, Thelen DG et al. Self-reported walking ability predicts functional mobility performance in frail older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2000; 48: 14081413.
  • 5
    Rolfson DB, Majumdar SR, Tsuyuki RT et al. Validity and reliability of the Edmonton Frail Scale. Age and Ageing 2006; 35: 526529.
  • 6
    Rosow I, Breslau N. A Guttman health scale for the aged. Journal of Gerontology 1966; 21: 556559.
  • 7
    Rolfson DB, Jones DM, Mitnitski A, Rockwood K. Cross validation of the Edmonton Frail Scale in a population survey. Annual meeting of the Canadian Geriatric Society. Vancouver, 2006.
  • 8
    Rolfson DB, Majumdar SR, Tahir AS, Tsuyuki RT. Content validation of a frailty checklist derived from comprehensive geriatric assessment. Gerontology 2001; 47: 119.
  • 9
    Mitnitski AB, Mogilner AJ, Rockwood K. Accumulation of deficits as a proxy measure of aging. ScientificWorld Journal 2001; 1: 323336.
  • 10
    Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. ‘Mini-mental state’. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research 1975; 12: 189198.
  • 11
    Charlson ME, Pompei P, Ales KL, MacKenzie CR. A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: Development and validation. Journal of Chronic Diseases 1987; 40: 373383.
  • 12
    Katz S, Akpom CA. A measure of primary sociobiological functions. International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation 1976; 6: 493508.
  • 13
    Graafmans WC, Ooms ME, Hofstee HM et al. Falls in the elderly: A prospective study of risk factors and risk profiles. American Journal of Epidemiology 1996; 143: 11291136.
  • 14
    Geerlings MI, Deeg DJ, Penninx BW et al. Cognitive reserve and mortality in dementia: The role of cognition, functional ability and depression. Psychological Medicine 1999; 29: 12191226.
  • 15
    Inouye SK, Wagner DR, Acampora D et al. A predictive index for functional decline in hospitalized elderly medical patients. Journal of General Internal Medicine 1993; 8: 645652.
  • 16
    Scherr PA, Albert MS, Funkenstein HH et al. Correlates of cognitive function in an elderly community population. American Journal of Epidemiology 1988; 128: 10841101.
  • 17
    Bland JM, Altman DG. Cronbach's alpha. British Medical Journal 1997; 314: 572.
  • 18
    Sim J, Wright CC. The kappa statistic in reliability studies: Use, interpretation, and sample size requirements. Physical Therapy 2005; 85: 257268.
  • 19
    Kiyak HA, Teri L, Borson S. Physical and functional health assessment in normal aging and in Alzheimer's disease: Self-reports vs family reports. Gerontologist 1994; 34: 324330.
  • 20
    Neumann PJ, Araki SS, Gutterman EM. The use of proxy respondents in studies of older adults: Lessons, challenges, and opportunities. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2000; 48: 16461654.
  • 21
    Adamis D, Morrison C, Treloar A, Macdonald AJ, Martin FC. The performance of the Clock Drawing Test in elderly medical inpatients: Does it have utility in the identification of delirium? Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology 2005; 18: 129133.
  • 22
    Reuben DB, Fishman LK, McNabney M, Wolde-Tsadik G. Looking inside the black box of comprehensive geriatric assessment: A classification system for problems, recommendations, and implementation strategies. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 1996; 44: 835838.
  • 23
    Boyd CM, Xue QL, Simpson CF, Guralnik JM, Fried LP. Frailty, hospitalization, and progression of disability in a cohort of disabled older women. The American Journal of Medicine 2005; 118: 12251231.
  • 24
    Onder G, Pedone C, Landi F et al. Adverse drug reactions as cause of hospital admissions: Results from the Italian Group of Pharmacoepidemiology in the Elderly (GIFA). Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2002; 50: 19621968.
  • 25
    Wynne HA, Cope LH, James OF, Rawlins MD, Woodhouse KW. The effect of age and frailty upon acetanilide clearance in man. Age and Ageing 1989; 18: 415418.
  • 26
    Wynne HA, Cope LH, Herd B et al. The association of age and frailty with paracetamol conjugation in man. Age and Ageing 1990; 19: 419424.
  • 27
    Wynne HA, Yelland C, Cope LH et al. The association of age and frailty with the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of metoclopramide. Age and Ageing 1993; 22: 354359.
  • 28
    Williams FM, Wynne H, Woodhouse KW, Rawlins MD. Plasma aspirin esterase: The influence of old age and frailty. Age and Ageing 1989; 18: 3942.
  • 29
    Dasgupta M, Rolfson DB, Stolee P, Borrie MJ, Speechley M. Frailty is associated with postoperative complications in older adults with medical problems. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2007; 48: 7883.
  • 30
    Gurwitz JH, Avorn J. The ambiguous relation between aging and adverse drug reactions. Annals of Internal Medicine 1991; 114: 956966.