Development of a Japanese Version of the Care Planning Assessment Tool


  • Requests for the J-CPAT: Sumiko Kanegae, MD, MPH, Department of General Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, 1-1, 5-chome, Nabeshima, Saga, 849-8501 Japan.

Clinical Associate Professor Richard Fleming, Dementia Services Development Centre HammondCare and Faculty of Health & Behavioural Science, University of Wollongong. Email:


Aim:  To develop a Japanese version of the Care Planning Assessment Tool (J-CPAT), originally developed in Australia as a comprehensive assessment of people with dementia.

Methods:  The process of adapting the CPAT into Japanese included translation into Japanese, assessment of item comprehension, and a validity and reliability study. The J-CPAT is composed of eight domains: Communication, physical problems, self-help skills, confusion, behaviour, social interaction, psychiatric observations and carer dependency. The participants were 199 aged care clients. Measures were the J-CPAT, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Care Levels used in the Long-term Care Insurance scheme.

Results:  Cronbach's alpha values in each J-CPAT domain were 0.74–0.95. The correlation coefficient between the score of Confusion and MMSE was −0.90, and those between physical problems, self-help skills, carer dependency in the J-CPAT, and care level were 0.70, 0.75 and 0.67.

Conclusions:  The J-CPAT appears to be a reliable and valid tool for care planning in Japan.