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Keywords:

  • Cholesterol;
  • risk factor;
  • HDL;
  • LDL;
  • therapy;
  • treatment

Summary

Lipid-lowering is established as proven intervention to reduce atherosclerosis and its complications. This article summarises novel developments in the lipid-altering therapies under development. It also discusses other therapeutic targets, such as squalene synthase, microsomal transfer protein, acyl-cholesterol acyl transferase, cholesterol ester transfer protein, peroxosimal proliferator-activating receptors and lipoprotein (a), for which compounds have been developed and have at least reached trials in animal models. Lipid-altering drugs are likely to prove a fast-developing area for novel treatments, as possible synergies exist between new and established compounds for the treatment of atherosclerosis.