Diabetes treatment has traditionally focused on correcting insulin deficiency with exogenous insulin and oral agents designed to enhance insulin secretion or insulin sensitivity in peripheral tissues. The more recent view of diabetes as a disease that affects multiple hormones in addition to insulin has led to the development of new therapies more broadly aimed at restoring glucose homeostasis by correcting abnormalities in additional glucoregulatory hormones. Pramlintide, a synthetic analogue of the beta-cell hormone amylin, regulates the appearance of glucose in the circulation following meals through several mechanisms of action: slowing gastric emptying, preventing inappropriate postprandial secretion of glucagon and increasing satiety. Long-term studies have demonstrated that pramlintide improves postprandial glucose fluctuations and A1C while reducing insulin dose and body weight. This combination of benefits associated with pramlintide makes it an attractive new treatment option for patients with diabetes.
Clinical Trial Registry Numbers: 137-155 open-label clinical trial: NCT00108004 (Pramlintide long-term, placebo-controlled clinical trials were completed prior to the requirement for NCT registry).