Pulmonary hypertension in chronic heart failure

Authors


  • Disclosures
    All authors declare no conflicts of interests.

Dr Diana Bonderman,
Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria
Tel.: + 43 1 40400 4614
Fax: + 43 1 40400 4216
Email: diana.bonderman@meduniwien.ac.at

Summary

The presence of PH in patients who suffer from CHF is common and predicts a poor outcome. However, precise definitions for PH associated with left heart disease, or ‘out-of-proportion’ PH as well as standardised vasodilator testing protocols are lacking. Moreover, apart from single-centre observations no large-scale trial to date has demonstrated a long-term benefit from pulmonary vasoactive drugs. As a result, there are currently no consensus recommendations for the treatment of PH in the presence of CHF. Off-label use of specific vasodilators in this patient population is discouraged. In a majority of cases, treatment of the underlying left heart disease leads to a decrease in pulmonary pressures. In light of novel agents to treat PH, trials that specifically address ‘out-of-proportion’ PH in CHF patients are warranted.

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