Disclosure The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Usefulness of a patient symptom diary card in the monitoring of exacerbations of chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Article first published online: 15 JUN 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
International Journal of Clinical Practice
Volume 66, Issue 7, pages 711–717, July 2012
How to Cite
Llor, C., Moragas, A., Miravitlles, M. and on behalf of the investigators of the ESAB study (2012), Usefulness of a patient symptom diary card in the monitoring of exacerbations of chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 66: 711–717. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-1241.2012.02930.x
- Issue published online: 15 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 15 JUN 2012
Objective: To assess the usefulness of a patient diary card of symptoms for monitoring the evolution of an exacerbation of chronic bronchitis (CB) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in primary care.
Method: Multicentre, observational study. Patients with an exacerbation filled out a diary every day before bedtime during 10 days. The diary score ranged from 0 (best) to 28 (worst). A visit was performed at day 15 to collect the patient diaries.
Results: Of the 1101 patients studied 921 returned the diaries (83.7%). Clinical failure was found in 236 patients (25.6%). The mean global score on day 1 was 21.5 ± 3.8. Patients considered as cured at day 10 presented a lower score at day 1 (21.1 ± 3.9) vs. those who failed (22.6 ± 4.2; p < 0.001). When no reduction was observed in the score from days 1 to 3, the percentage of failures was 36.1%, being only 11.6% with a reduction of 5 points or more (p < 0.001). The strongest correlation with failure was observed with general status, breathing, symptom scale and the need for extra inhaler doses.
Conclusion: A symptom diary card seems to be a valuable tool to monitor the evolution of an acute exacerbation of CB/COPD in primary care.