Aims: To assess the extent of reduction in blood pressure (BP) of aliskiren/amlodipine combination therapy compared with amlodipine monotherapy in moderate-to-severe hypertensive patients.
Methods: This was an 8-week multicentre, randomised, double-blind study. After a 1-to 4-week washout period, eligible patients [mean sitting systolic blood pressure (msSBP) ≥ 160 to < 200 mmHg] were randomised to receive a once-daily dose of aliskiren/amlodipine 150/5 mg (n = 244) or amlodipine 5 mg (n = 241) for 1 week, followed by up-titration to aliskiren/amlodipine 300/10 mg or amlodipine 10 mg for 7 weeks. Efficacy outcome measures included change from baseline to week 8 endpoint in msSBP (primary endpoint), mean sitting diastolic blood pressure (msDBP), and BP control rate (< 140/90 mmHg). Safety was assessed by monitoring and recording all adverse events (AEs) and laboratory abnormalities.
Results: Patients’ demographic characteristics were balanced between the two groups, mean baseline BP being 171.0/94.3 mmHg for aliskiren/amlodipine and 171.8/95.6 mmHg for amlodipine. Of 485 randomised patients, 433 (89.3%) completed the study. At week 8 endpoint, combination therapy resulted in significantly greater msSBP/msDBP reductions and BP control rate, compared with monotherapy (all: p ≤ 0.0001). The overall incidence of AEs was similar between the two groups. The most commonly reported AE was peripheral oedema with the incidence lower for combination therapy (14.4%) than for monotherapy (18.3%).
Conclusion: In this population with considerably elevated BP, use of aliskiren/amlodipine combination showed significantly greater BP reductions and allowed more patients to achieve BP control compared with amlodipine monotherapy, with no additional safety concerns.