• acetylated tubulin;
  • calmodulin;
  • ethanol;
  • plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase;
  • P-type ATPase

We have recently shown that acetylated tubulin interacts with plasma membrane Na+,K+-ATPase and inhibits its enzyme activity in several types of cells. H+-ATPase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is similarly inhibited by interaction with acetylated tubulin. The activities of both these ATPases are restored upon dissociation of the acetylated tubulin/ATPase complex. Here, we report that in plasma membrane vesicles isolated from brain synaptosomes, another P-type ATPase, plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA), undergoes enzyme activity regulation by its association/dissociation with acetylated tubulin. The presence of acetylated tubulin/PMCA complex in membrane vesicles was demonstrated by analyzing the behavior of acetylated tubulin in a detergent partition, and by immunoprecipitation experiments. PMCA is known to be stimulated by ethanol and calmodulin at physiological concentrations. We found that treatment of plasma membrane vesicles with these reagents induced dissociation of the complex, with a concomitant restoration of enzyme activity. Conversely, incubation of vesicles with exogenous tubulin induced the association of acetylated tubulin with PMCA, and the inhibition of enzyme activity. These findings indicate that activation of synaptosomal PMCA by ethanol and calmodulin involves dissociation of the acetylated tubulin/PMCA complex. This regulatory mechanism was shown to also operate in living cells.