- Top of page
- The RMR protein family in plants
- RMR proteins traffic in a pathway different from that of BP-80
- Role of RMR proteins as sorting receptors
- Spatial regulation of ligand sorting by RMR proteins in the Golgi apparatus
- Conclusion and future perspective
In receptor-mediated sorting of soluble protein ligands in the endomembrane system of eukaryotic cells, three completely different receptor proteins for mammalian (mannose 6-phosphate receptor), yeast (Vps10p) and plant cells (vacuolar sorting receptor; VSR) have in common the features of pH-dependent ligand binding and receptor recycling. In striking contrast, the plant receptor homology-transmembrane-RING-H2 (RMR) proteins serve as sorting receptors to a separate type of vacuole, the protein storage vacuole, but do not recycle, and their trafficking pathway results in their internalization into the destination vacuole. Even though plant RMR proteins share high sequence similarity with the best-characterized mammalian PA-TM-RING family proteins, these two families of proteins appear to play distinctly different roles in plant and animal cells. Thus, this minireview focuses on this unique sorting mechanism and traffic of RMR proteins via dense vesicles in various plant cell types.