Silicatein: from chemical through enzymatic silica formation, to synthesis of biomimetic nanomaterials

Authors

  • Werner E. G. Müller,

    1.  ERC Advanced Grant Research Group at the Institute for Physiological Chemistry, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
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  • Xiaohong Wang

    1.  ERC Advanced Grant Research Group at the Institute for Physiological Chemistry, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
    2.  National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, China
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Abstract

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Silicateins are the enzymes that had been identified in sponges, then sequenced and expressed. They are not only the enzymes facilitating biosilica synthesis but also function as structure-guiding and structure-forming proteins. The three minireviews highlight the principles of silicatein-mediated biosilica formation and outline the bionic strategies which might be used for the design and fabrication of novel materials.

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