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Prospective analysis of the effect of physician experience with the FAST examination in reducing the use of CT scans

Authors


  • O John Ma, MD, Professor of Emergency Medicine; Gary Gaddis, PhD, MD, Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine; Mark T Steele, MD, Professor of Emergency Medicine; David Cowan, MD, Chief Resident of Emergency Medicine; Kary Kaltenbronn MD, Resident Emergency Physician.

Dr O John Ma, Department of Emergency Medicine, Truman Medical Center, 2301 Holmes Street, Kansas City, Missouri 64108, USA. Email: john.ma@tmcmed.org

Abstract

Objective:  The objective of this study was to examine the effect of ultrasound experience level on emergency physicians’ Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) exam accuracy and emergency physicians’ confidence in using FAST findings to assist in managing patients with blunt trauma.

Methods:  This prospective, consecutive enrolment study evaluated adult trauma team activation blunt trauma patients. Based on the number of post-training FAST exams carried out, 11 attending emergency physicians were grouped into A (<25 exams, n = 4), B (26–50 exams, n = 4) or C (>50 exams, n = 3). The FAST exam was carried out prior to other diagnostic studies. The emergency physicians were asked to prospectively judge their perception of the need for surgery, abdominal CT or no further tests. All study patients ultimately underwent CT, diagnostic peritoneal lavage or laparotomy. Among each physician group, the number of subsequent CT scans deemed necessary by the emergency physician after a ‘normal’ FAST was calculated and compared.

Results:  Accuracy was greatest in group C. Sixty-nine of 80 patients in group A had a normal FAST exam; emergency physicians deemed CT necessary in 68/69 cases (99%; confidence interval [CI] 92–100%). Eighty-two of 98 patients in group C had a normal FAST exam; emergency physicians deemed CT necessary in 19/82 cases (23%; CI 15–34%). Physicians in groups B and C were less likely to order CT after a normal FAST than group A (P < 0.001).

Conclusions:  FAST accuracy was greatest among more experienced emergency physicians. A normal FAST exam assisted more experienced emergency physicians with the perceived need to order significantly fewer CT scans than less experienced emergency physicians.

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