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Review of mannequin-based high-fidelity simulation in emergency medicine


  • Peter Z Fritz, MB BS, Advanced Trainee in Emergency Medicine, Instructor; Tim Gray, MB BS, FACEM, Instructor; Brendan Flanagan, MB BS, FANZCA, Director.

Dr Peter Z Fritz, Dandenong Hospital, David Street, Dandenong, Vic 3175, Australia. Email:


The spectrum of uses of high-fidelity simulation in emergency medicine has increased in the past 10 years and ranges from teaching isolated skills to improving complex team behaviours in critical situations. This review will describe these published uses and explore the evidence supporting the use of high-fidelity simulation, as well as the future directions and difficulties of using this technology in our specialty.