• 1
    Kim HS, Kwack SJ, Lee BM. Lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzymes, and benzo[a]pyrene-quinones in the blood of rats treated with benzo[a]pyrene. Chem Biol Interact 2000;127:13950.
  • 2
    Wu Y, Wang C, Wang Y, Zhao Y, Chen Y, Zuo Z. Antioxidant responses to benzo[a]pyrene, tributyltin and their mixture in the spleen of Sebasticus marmoratus. J Environ Sci 2007;19:112935.
  • 3
    Wang C, Zhao Y, Zheng R, Ding X, Wei W, Zuo Z. Effects of tributyltin, benzo[a]pyrene, and their mixture on antioxidant defense systems in Sebastiscus marmoratus. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2006;65:3817.
  • 4
    Armstrong SA, Wiele TV, Germida JJ, Siciliano SD. Aryl hydrocarbon bioaccessibility to small mammals from arctic plants using in vitro techniques. Environ Toxicol Chem 2007;26:4916.
  • 5
    Tang DW, Chang KW, Chi CW, Liu TY. Hydroxychavicol modulates benzo[a]pyrene-induced genotoxicity through induction of dihydrodiol dehydrogenase. Toxicol Lett 2004;152:23543.
  • 6
    Vieira LR, Sousa A, Frascoa MF, Lima I, Morgado F, Guilhermino L. Acute effects of benzo[a]pyrene, anthracene and a fuel oil on biomarkers of the common goby Pomatoschistus microps (Teleostei, Gobiidae). Sci Total Environ 2008;395:87100.
  • 7
    Pan LQ, Ren J, Liu J. Responses of antioxidant systems and LPO level to benzo(a)pyrene and benzo(k)fluoranthene in the haemolymph of the scallop Chlamys Ferrari. Environ Pollut 2006;141:44351.
  • 8
    Oost RV, Beyer J, Vermeulen NP. Fish bioaccumulation and biomarkers in environmental risk assessment: a review. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2003;13:14957.
  • 9
    Harris TG, Kulasingam SL, Kiviat NB, Mao C, Agoff SN, Feng Q et al. Cigarette smoking, oncogenic human papillomavirus, Ki-67 antigen, and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Am J Epidemiol 2004;159:83442.
  • 10
    Holschneider CH, Baldwin RL, Tumber K, Aoyama C, Karlan BY. The fragile histidinetriad gene: a molecular link wetween cigarette smoking and cervical cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2005;11:575663.
  • 11
    Alam S, Conway MJ, Chen HS, Meyers C. The cigarette smoke carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene enhances human papillomavirus synthesis. J Virol 2008;10:538.
  • 12
    Odongua N, Chae YM, Kim MR, Yun JE, Jee SH. Associations between smoking, screening, and death caused by cervical cancer in Korean women. Yonsei Med J 2007;48:192200.
  • 13
    Eppel W, Worda C, Frigo P, Manavi M, Czerwenka K. The influence of cotinine on interleukin 6 expression in smokers with cervical preneoplasia. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2000;79:110511.
  • 14
    Melikian AA, Sun P, Prokopczyk B, El-Bayoumy K, Hoffmann D, Wang X et al. Identification of benzo[a]pyrene metabolites in cervical mucus and DNA adducts in cervical tissues in humans by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Cancer Lett 1999;146:12734.
  • 15
    Näslund I, Rubio CA, Auer GU. Nuclear DNA changes during pathogenesis of squamous carcinoma of the cervix in 3, 4-benzopyrene-treated mice. Anal Quant Cytol Histol 1987;9:4118.
  • 16
    Wright JR, Colby HD, Miles PR. Cytosolic factors which affect microsomal lipid peroxidation in lung and liver. Arch Biochem Biophys 1981;206:296304.
  • 17
    Habig WH, Jakoby WB. Assays for differentiation of glutathione- Stransferase. Methods Enzymol 1981;77:398405.
  • 18
    Pohl RJ, Fouts JR. A rapid method for assaying the metabolism of 7-ethoxyresorufin by microsomal subcellular fraction. Anal Biochem 1980;107:1505.
  • 19
    Bradford MM. A rapid and sensitive method for quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye-binding. Anal Biochem 1976;72:24854.
  • 20
    Moreira SM, Moreira-Santos M, Ribeiro R, Guilhermino L. The ‘coral bulker’ fuel oil spill on the north coast of portugal: spatial and temporal biomarker responses in mytilus galloprovincialis. Ecotoxicology 2004;13:61930.
  • 21
    Zapata-Pérez O, Ceja-Moreno V, Domínguez J, Del Río-Garcia M, Rodríguez-Fuentes G, Chan E. Biomarkers and pollutants in the tilapia Oreochromis Niloticus in four lagoons from Reforma, Chiapas, Mexico: a case study. Mar Environ Res 2004; 58:31928.
  • 22
    Barsiene J, Lehtonen K, Koehler A, Broeg K, Vuorinen PJ, Lang T. Biomarker responses in flounder (Platichthys flesus) and mussel (Mytilus edulis) in the Klaipeda-Butinge area (Baltic Sea). Mar Pollut Bull 2006;53:42236.
  • 23
    Kangl HG, Jeong SH, Cho MH, Cho JH. Changes of biomarkers with oral exposure to benzo(a)pyrene, phenanthrene and pyrene in rats. J Vet Sci 2007;8:3618.
  • 24
    Spink DC, Wu SJ, Spink BC, Hussain MM, Vakharia DD, Pentecost B. Induction of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 by benzo(k)fluoranthene and benzo(a)pyrene in T-47D human breast cancer cells: roles of PAH interactions and PAH metabolites. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2008;226:21324.
  • 25
    Jin N, Zhu Y, Zhou J, Mao L, Zhao R, Fang T. Preventive effects of quercetin against benzo[a]pyrene-induced DNA damages and pulmonary precancerous pathologic changes in mice. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2006;98:5938.
  • 26
    Gao ML, Long JG, Li YF, Shah W, Fu L, Liu JK et al. Mitochondrial decay is involved in BaP-induced cervical damage. Free Radic Biol Med 2010;49:173545.
  • 27
    Dasgupta T, Hebbel RP, Kaul DK. Protective effect of arginine on oxidative stress in transgenic sickle mouse models. Free Radic Biol Med 2006;41:177180.
  • 28
    Deleve LD, Wang X, Kuhlenkamp JF, Kaplowitz N. Toxicity of azathioprine and monocrotaline in murine sinusoidal endothelial cells and hepatocytes: the role of glutathione and relevance to hepatic venoocclusive disease. Hepatology 1996;23:58999.
  • 29
    Myllynen P, Kurttila T, Vaskivuo L, Vähäkangas K. DNA damage caused by benzo(a)pyrene in MCF-7 cells is increased by verapamil, probenecid and PSC833. Toxicol Lett 2007;169:312.
  • 30
    Sharma A, Rajappa M, Saxena A, Sharma M. Antioxidant status in advanced cervical cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiation. Br J Biomed Sci 2007;64:237.
  • 31
    Beevi SS, Rasheed MH, Geetha A. Evidence of oxidative and nitrosative stress in patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Clin Chim Acta 2007;375:11923.
  • 32
    Yang G, Fang Z, Liu Y, Zhang H, Shi X, Ji Q. Protective effects of Chinese traditional medicine buyang huanwu decoction on myocardial injury. doi: 10.1093/ecam/nep013 (last accessed on 08 February 2009).
  • 33
    Knuckles ME, Inyang F, Ramesh A. Acute and subchronic oral toxicities of benzo[a]pyrene in F-344 rats. Toxicol Sci 2001;61:3828.
  • 34
    Sattler T, Fürll M. Creatine kinase and aspartate aminotransferase in cows asindicators for endometritis. J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 2004;51:1327.
  • 35
    Azawi OI, Omran SN, Hadad JJ. A study of endometritis causing repeat breeding of cycling iraqi buffalo cows. Reprod Domest Anim 2008;43:73543.
  • 36
    Rojas M, Godschalk R, Alexnadrov K, Cascorbi I, Kriek E, Ostertag J. Myeloperoxidase-463A variant reduces benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide DNA adduct in skin of coal tar treated patients. Carcinogenesis 2001;22:10158.
  • 37
    Güngör N, Roger WL, Pachen DM, Van Schooten FJ, Knaapen AM. Activated neutrophils inhibit nucleotide excision repair in human pulmonary epithelial cells: role of myeloperoxidase. FASEB J 2007;21:235967.
  • 38
    Oesterling E, Toborek M, Hennig B. Benzo[a]pyrene induces intercellular adhesion molecule-1 through a caveolae and aryl hydrocarbon receptor mediated pathway. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2008;232:30916.
  • 39
    Kummer V, Mašková J, Matiašovic J, Faldyna M. Morphological and functional disorders of the immature rat uterus after postnatal exposure to benz[a]anthracene and benzo[k]fluoranthene. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2009;27:2538.
  • 40
    Topinka J, Schwarz LR, Kiefer F, Wiebel FJ, Gajdos O, Vidova P et al. DNA adduct formation in mammalian cell cultures by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and nitro-PAH in coke oven emission extract. Mutat Res 1998;419:91105.
  • 41
    Singh SV, Varma V, Zimniak P, Srivastava SK, Marynowski SW, Desai D et al. Structural basis for catalytic differences between alpha class human glutathione transferases hGSTA1-1 and hGSTA2-2 for glutathione conjugation of environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene – 7, 8- diol – 9, 10- epoxide. Biochemistry 2004;43:970815.
  • 42
    Hesse S, Jernstrom B, Martinez M, Guenthner T, Orrenius S, Christodoulides L et al. Inhibition of binding of benzo(a)pyrene metabolites to nuclear DNA by glutathione and glutathione S-transferase B. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1980;94:6127.
  • 43
    Lakshmi B, Ajith TA, Jose N, Janardhanan KK. Antimutagenic activity of methanolic extract of Ganoderma lucidum and its effect on hepatic damage caused by benzo[a]pyrene. J Ethnopharmacol 2006;107:297303.
  • 44
    Mirsadraee M, Shirdel A, Roknee F. Typhoid myopathy or typhoid hepatitis: a matter of debate. Indian J Med Microbiol 2007;25:3513.
  • 45
    Yee H, Yie TA, Goldberg J, Wong KM, Rom WN. Immunohistochemical study of fibrosis and adenocarcinoma in domaint-negative p53 transgenic mice exposed to chrysotile asbestos and benzo(a)pyrene. J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol 2008;27:26776.
  • 46
    Yamabe N, Yokozawa T. Protective effect of Hachimi-jio-gan against the development of pancreatic fibrosis and oxidative damage in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats. J Ethnopharmacol 2007;113:919.
  • 47
    Kauffold J, Melzer F, Berndt A, Hoffmann G, Hotzel H, Sachse K. Chlamydiae in oviducts and uteri of repeat breeder pigs. Theriogenology 2006;66:181623.
  • 48
    Miller KP, Borgeest C, Greenfeld C, Tomic D, Jodi A. Flaws in utero effects of chemicals on reproductive tissues in females. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2004;198:11131.