• 1
    Dowell RT, Kauer CD. Maternal hemodynamics and uteroplacental blood flow throughout gestation in conscious rats. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 1997;19:61325.
  • 2
    Rosenfeld CR, Morriss FH, Makowski EL, Meschia G, Battaglia FC. Circulatory changes in the reproductive tissues of ewes during pregnancy. Gynecol Invest 1974;5:25268.
  • 3
    Lees MH, Hill JD, Ochsner AJ, Thomas CL, Novy MJ. Maternal placental and myometrial blood flow of the rhesus monkey during uterine contractions. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1971;110:6881.
  • 4
    Bewley S, Cooper D, Campbell S. Doppler investigation of utero-placental blood flow resistance in the second trimester: a screening study for pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth retardation. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1991;98:8719.
  • 5
    Bernstein IM, Meyer MC, Osol G, Ward K. Intolerance to volume expansion: a theorized mechanism for the development of preeclampsia. Obstet Gynecol 1998;92:3068.
  • 6
    Palmer SK, Zamudio S, Coffin C, Parker S, Stamm E, Moore LG. Quantitative estimation of human uterine artery blood flow and pelvic blood flow redistribution in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 1992;80:10006.
  • 7
    Annibale DJ, Rosenfeld CR, Stull JT, Kamm KE. Protein content and myosin light chain phosphorylation in uterine arteries during pregnancy. Am J Physiol 1990;259:4849.
  • 8
    Griendling KK, Fuller EO, Cox RH. Pregnancy-induced changes in sheep uterine and carotid arteries. Am J Physiol 1985;248:65865.
  • 9
    Guenther AE, Conley AJ, Van Orden DE, Farley DB, Ford SP. Structural and mechanical changes of uterine arteries during pregnancy in the pig. J Anim Sci 1988;66:314452.
  • 10
    Moll W. Structure adaptation and blood flow control in the uterine arterial system after hemochorial placentation. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2003;110:1927.
  • 11
    van der Heijden OW, Essers YP, Fazzi G, Peeters LL, De Mey JG, van Eys GJ. Uterine artery remodeling and reproductive performance are impaired in endothelial nitric oxide synthase-deficient mice. Biol Reprod 2005;72:11618.
  • 12
    Osol G, Cipolla M. Pregnancy-induced changes in the three-dimensional mechanical properties of pressurized rat uteroplacental (radial) arteries. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993;168:26874.
  • 13
    Cipolla M, Osol G. Hypertrophic and hyperplastic effects of pregnancy on the rat uterine arterial wall. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1994;171:80511.
  • 14
    Gokina NI, Mandala M, Osol G. Induction of localized differences in rat uterine radial artery behavior and structure during gestation. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003;189:148993.
  • 15
    Pijnenborg R, Robertson WB, Brosens I, Dixon G. Review article: trophoblast invasion and the establishment of haemochorial placentation in man and laboratory animals. Placenta 1981;2:7191.
  • 16
    Hees H, Moll W, Wrobel KH, Hees I. Pregnancy-induced structural changes and trophoblastic invasion in the segmental mesometrial arteries of the guinea pig (Cavia porcellus L.). Placenta 1987;8:60926.
  • 17
    Keyes LE, Majack R, Dempsey EC, Moore LG. Pregnancy stimulation of DNA synthesis and uterine blood flow in the guinea pig. Pediatr Res 1997;41:70815.
  • 18
    Cipolla MJ, Binder ND, Osol G. Myoendometrial versus placental uterine arteries: structural, mechanical, and functional differences in late-pregnant rabbits. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997;177:21521.
  • 19
    Keyes LE, Moore LG, Walchak SJ, Dempsey EC. Pregnancy-stimulated growth of vascular smooth muscle cells: importance of protein kinase c-dependent synergy between estrogen and platelet-derived growth factor. J Cell Physiol 1996;166:2232.
  • 20
    Page KL, Celia G, Leddy G, Taatjes DJ, Osol G. Structural remodeling of rat uterine veins in pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002;187:164752.
  • 21
    Nienartowicz A, Link S, Moll W. Adaptation of the uterine arcade in rats to pregnancy. J Dev Physiol 1989;12:1018.
  • 22
    Osol G, Barron C, Gokina N, Mandala M. Inhibition of nitric oxide synthases abrogates pregnancy-induced uterine vascular expansive remodeling. J Vasc Res 2009;46:47886.
  • 23
    Moll W, Espach A, Wrobel KH. Growth of mesometrial arteries in guinea pigs during pregnancy. Placenta 1983;4:11123.
  • 24
    Forbes TR, Taku E. Vein size in intact and hysterectomized mice during the estrous cycle and pregnancy. Anat Rec 1975;182:615.
  • 25
    van der Heijden OW, Essers YP, Spaanderman ME, De Mey JG, van Eys GJ, Peeters LL. Uterine artery remodeling in pseudopregnancy is comparable to that in early pregnancy. Biol Reprod 2005;73:128993.
  • 26
    Magness RR, Parker CR, Rosenfeld CR. Systemic and uterine responses to chronic infusion of estradiol-17 beta. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 1993;265:6908.
  • 27
    Fuller R, Barron C, Mandala M, Gokina N, Osol G. Predominance of local over systemic factors in uterine arterial remodeling during pregnancy. Reprod Sci 2009;16:489500.
  • 28
    Sprague BJ, Phernetton TM, Magness RR, Chesler NC. The effects of the ovarian cycle and pregnancy on uterine vascular impedance and uterine artery mechanics. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2009;144:1708.
  • 29
    Chen DB, Bird IM, Zheng J, Magness RR. Membrane estrogen receptor-dependent extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway mediates acute activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase by estrogen in uterine artery endothelial cells. Endocrinology 2004;145:11325.
  • 30
    Tabata M, Negishi H, Yamaguchi T, Makinoda S, Fujimoto S, Moll W. The effects of the proliferation of the radial arteries of the placenta on oxygen transport to the fetal guinea pig. Adv Exp Med Biol 1988;222:67581.
  • 31
    Forbes TR, Glassen G. Steroid compounds and the dilatation of ovarian and uterine veins in the mouse. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1972;113:67880.
  • 32
    Jose SO, Ramadoss J, Koch JM, Jiang Y, Zheng J, Magness RR. Estradiol-17 beta and its cytochrome P450- and catechol-O-methyltransferase-derived metabolites stimulate proliferation in uterine artery endothelial cells: role of estrogen receptor-alpha versus estrogen receptor-beta. Hypertension 2010;55:100511.
  • 33
    Babischkin JS, Bonagura TW, Udoff LC, Vergara CO, Johnson HW, Atlas RO et al. Estrogen stimulates the human endometrium to express a factor(s) that promotes vascular smooth muscle cell migration as an early step in microvessel remodeling. Endocrine 2009;35:818.
  • 34
    Albrecht ED, Bonagura TW, Burleigh DW, Enders AC, Aberdeen GW, Pepe GJ. Suppression of extravillous trophoblast invasion of uterine spiral arteries by estrogen during early baboon pregnancy. Placenta 2006;27:48390.
  • 35
    Girling JE, Lederman FL, Walter LM, Rogers PA. Progesterone, but not estrogen, stimulates vessel maturation in the mouse endometrium. Endocrinology 2007;11:543341.
  • 36
    Ben Driss A, Benessiano J, Poitevin P, Levy BI, Michel JB. Arterial expansive remodeling induced by high flow rates. Am J Physiol 1997;272:8518.
  • 37
    Langille BL, O’Donnell F. Reductions in arterial diameter produced by chronic decreases in blood flow are endothelium-dependent. Science 1986;231:4057.
  • 38
    Rudic RD, Shesely EG, Maeda N, Smithies O, Segal SS, Sessa WC. Direct evidence for the importance of endothelium-derived nitric oxide in vascular remodeling. J Clin Invest 1998;101:7316.
  • 39
    Tronc F, Mallat Z, Lehoux S, Wassef M, Esposito B, Tedgui A. Role of matrix metalloproteinases in blood flow-induced arterial enlargement: interaction with no. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2000;20:1206.
  • 40
    Tuttle JL, Nachreiner RD, Bhuller AS, Condict KW, Connors BA, Herring BP et al. Shear level influences resistance artery remodeling: wall dimensions, cell density, and enos expression. Am J Physiol 2001;281:13809.
  • 41
    Nelson SH, Steinsland OS, Wang Y, Yallampalli C, Dong YL, Sanchez JM. Increased nitric oxide synthase activity and expression in the human uterine artery during pregnancy. Circ Res 2000;87:40611.
  • 42
    St-Louis J, Sicotte B, Beausejour A, Brochu M. Remodeling and angiotensin ii responses of the uterine arcuate arteries of pregnant rats are altered by low- and high-sodium intake. Reproduction 2006;131:3319.
  • 43
    Odorisio T, Schietroma C, Zaccaria ML, Cianfarani F, Tiveron C, Tatangelo L et al. Mice overexpressing placenta growth factor exhibit increased vascularization and vessel permeability. J Cell Sci 2002;115:255967.
  • 44
    Osol G, Celia G, Gokina N, Barron C, Chien E, Mandala M et al. Placental growth factor is a potent vasodilator of rat and human resistance arteries. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2008;243:13817.
  • 45
    Maynard SE, Venkatesha S, Thadhani R, Karumanchi SA. Soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 and endothelial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Pediatr Res 2005;57:17.
  • 46
    Mateev SN, Mouser R, Young DA, Mecham RP, Moore LG. Chronic hypoxia augments uterine artery distensibility and alters the circumferential wall stress-strain relationship during pregnancy. J Appl Physiol 2006;100:184250.
  • 47
    Robertson WB, Manning PJ. Elastic tissue in uterine blood vessels. J Pathol 1973;109:P3.
  • 48
    Merchant SJ, Davidge ST. The role of matrix metalloproteinases in vascular function: implications for normal pregnancy and pre-eclampsia. BJOG 2004;111:9319.
  • 49
    Kelly B, Stone S, Poston L. Cardiovascular adaptation to pregnancy: the role of altered vascular structure. Fetal Matern Med Rev 1999;11:10516.
  • 50
    Ginther OJ. Internal regulation of physiological processes through local venoarterial pathways: a review. J Anim Sci 1974;39:55064.
  • 51
    Celia G, Osol G. Venoarterial communication as a mechanism for localized signaling in the rat uterine circulation. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002;187:16539.
  • 52
    Celia G, Osol G. Uterine venous permeability in the rat is altered in response to pregnancy, vascular endothelial growth factor, and venous constriction. Endothelium 2005;12:818.
  • 53
    Stewart EA, Nowak RA. New concepts in the treatment of uterine leiomyomas. Obstet Gynecol 1998;92:6247.
  • 54
    Martinez-Lemus LA, Hill MA, Bolz SS, Pohl U, Meininger GA. Acute mechanoadaptation of vascular smooth muscle cells in response to continuous arteriolar vasoconstriction: implications for functional remodeling. FASEB J 2004;18:70810.